Tips for Part 1:
Begin by briefly giving the reasons for and conclusions of your previous/current beliefs about the
topic. These may not be very systematic or clear, but in that case, an important part of reflecting
is to acknowledge that. Be sure to regularly refer back to the author’s reasons and conclusions
when evaluating and discussing. When reflecting on whether or how the article has deepened
your understanding, consider questions like, ‘Has the author raised points I had not considered?’,
‘Do I have hidden presuppositions which need more thought?’, ‘Even though this is a conclusion
its agreed with, are these reasons valid?’, ‘Even though its disagree with the conclusion, does it
actually follow from these reasons?’, etc.
Remember the goal is to arrive at the truth, therefore avoid politicising the issue (e.g., reducing it
to party lines or jumping to political consequences), ad hominem attacks (e.g., ‘She is only
saying that because she is a…’) and flights into relativism or scepticism (e.g., ‘It is different for
everyone,’ or, ‘No-one knows’).
Do not give some piece of autobiographical information as a substitute for presenting your ideas.
For example, telling the reader something about your family or school background, and then
proceeding as if your conclusions, and your reasons for them, are self-evident. A good reflection
involves taking responsibility for one’s own ideas, and communicating them clearly along with
one’s own supporting reasons.
Remember this is about engaging your ideas with those in the chosen reading. To the degree you
get involved in analysing ideas that are neither your own nor the authors, it is missing the point
of the task.
Type of service: Academic paper writing
Type of assignment: Essay
Number of sources: 2
Academic level: Junior (college 3rd year)
Paper format: APA
Line spacing: Double
Language style: AU English