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The essay consists of two parts: a theoretical discussion and a short reflection on an empirical example. Please provide a short answer for them. Your answer should cover both parts of the questions. Each part should be 250-300 words. Your total word count should be between 500-600 words.
Please answer each question directly and accurately.
Part One
Both positivism and functionalism are posited as ‘scientific methodologies’ for the study of society. In the face of August Comte, positivism suggests that we can study social relations the way we study the natural world. Positivism is modelled on practices of classifying people as if they are butterflies in a museum collection. Positivism gives priority to normativity (the quality of what ought to) rather than empiricism approaches (the quality of what is and what we can observe).
Emile Durkheim is the leading functionalist. He acknowledged that our lives are shaped by social norms and expectations. Do social norms foster social cohesion? Do they make us conform?

Part Two
What role do schools play in reproduction of social attitudes? Schools are meant to be places where children learn literacy, maths, emotional intelligence and so much more. However, are schools equal for all? Some sociologists argue that working classes cannot succeed in a middle-class institution. School text-books help to perpetuate gender stereotypes. Many adventure stories read to primary school children show boys as heroes; some subjects like maths are said to be ‘boys’ subjects. At the same time, boys, especially black or non-white ethnic students, are seen as more disruptive in the classroom. Sometimes, teachers have lower expectations for boys than for girls.
What do schools reproduce: social cohesion or social inequality? Reflect critically and add an experiential example (a personal experience, or something you read).

Type of service: Academic Paper Writing
Type of assignment: Essay
Subject: Sociology
Pages/words: 2/550
Number of Sources: 2
Academic level: Undergraduate
Paper Format: Harvard
Line spacing: Double
Language style: UK English