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Before Christianity , man was torn between religious faith and patriotism especially when it came to taxation; Christianity made it easier when it prescribed that give Cesar what becomes to Cesar which made taxation not only legal but morally right. Nevertheless, this did not bring an
end between the two struggles, Religious and political dominance. The church has over time tried to influence the political order of the country and politics has always tended to be secular.

The catholic church to be precise wants governmental rule, legislation and policies to have a theoretical perspectives and this is evident in most Latin American regions and countries that have many of the populace proclaim the Roman Catholic faith. Reformists on the other aver that the church should be separated from the state and operate on distinct spheres. The American declaration of independence holds that every person has the freedom of thought, conscience and religion that even a malicious government cannot eliminate it; it is an unalienable right endowed
by the Creator.

During A.D, all people were considered christians whether elite or common member of the society thus governmental heads were expected to run the government guided by divine and theological aspects. Both the head of church and head of state were considered to have equal sovereignty and the head of the government was expected to consult with the head of church before making critical decisions. In fact, the Roman Catholic, headed by the pope felt more superior than governmental heads and it brought about discontents and led to breakups within the
church thus the creation of protestants and reformists.

The Lutheran model for instance begged to differ that God declares only one Christianity religion; God divides between those with and
without faith. The Lutherans argued that the church’s role was to represent the wrath of God and proclaim His word while the state represented those without faith and provide them with a forum for economic and social activities. The church was to mete the powers of the state and prevent
occasioning of injustices by the state and not make the governmental subordinate to church
heads.

Since church leaders ordained the governmental heads, it then meant that the governmental heads were God-appointed thus were rightful in exercise of their powers and laws and punishment was just a form of ensuring God’s people were guided and punished when offends. Even non-believers were streamlined as they became obedient out of fear of the consequences.

The Lutheran model was criticized for one aspect; it declared that where the governmental heads erred, them men were not obliged to obey them. Then came the Reformed model that still recognized the church and held that the government as much as should be separated from the church, it should protect the religion and this is evident in which the American government ensured that the creationism theory was taught in all public school in favor of the evolution theory. Legislations were passed in majority of state to endure that biology teachers included the theory of creationism in their curriculum (the case of Edwards v Aquillard, 482 U.S. 578, 1987), was instituted against this background ).

President Thomas Jefferson, the 3rd president of the United States in defense of the separation of the church from the state held that it was more of saving the church from the ‘wilderness’ of the state. This is evident from the framing of the First Amendment of the American Constitution which is a shield to protect religion and not completely eliminate it. The American declaration of independence holds that every person has the freedom of thought, conscience and religion that even a malicious government cannot eliminate it; it is an unalienable right endowed by the Creator.

Bibliography

Professor Unruh, Richard S. ‘Classical Patterns of Church-States Relations’ Direction Journal
Vol. 5, No. 3, pp 22-26, July 1976. Retrieved on March 4, 2011 from
http://www.directionjournal.org/article/?196

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