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Re-write 3 nursing interventions for pain and rationale for each related to the case study of Darren. I have included the reference list for the other part of this paper. If you could please add in the references you use please in to the exisiting list. Evidence based literature to support the rationales I have written please in APA7.

Darren is a 51 year old male who lives in Cairns where he is the owner/operator of a diving boat tour company. He has moved to a more sedentary role over the last few years and misses getting out and working with the tourists.
Darren has one son, Jake, 15 who lives in Wallan, Victoria with his mum Lisa, step dad Kevin and his 5-year-old stepsister Ruby.
Jake and Darren have a good relationship, Jake fly’s to Cairns twice a year during school holidays to stay with his Dad.
Darren’s History
DOB: 23/11/1968
Address: 25 Happy Street Cairns
Smoker: 30 per day for last 20 years
Social Drinker 2 heavy beers a day after work and up to 10 a day on the weekends – Darren’s favourite saying -It’s 5 o’clock somewhere’
^BMI -33 H: 1.8m W: 110Kg Waist: 115cm

Darren has a past medical history including, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, mild depression and GORD. He currently takes medication for these conditions.
• Hypertension
• Hyperlipidaemia
• Mild Depression
• Gastric Oesophageal Reflux
He has experienced two episodes of upper abdominal pain during the night with associated nausea and vomiting within the last month.

Medications
Generic name Trade name Dose
Atorvastatin Lipitor 10mg Daily
Atenolol Noten 50mg Daily
Sertraline Zoloft 20mg BD
Ranitidine Zantac 150mg daily

Darren does not attend regular check-ups with his GP. He last had his medications reviewed when he presented to the GP around 12 months ago with his first presentation of upper abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. He was commenced on Ranitidine at thiis time.

In the last month, Darren has had two more severe episodes of upper abdominal pain with nausea & vomiting. He ignored the first episode and it settled after 24 hours. However, Darren has presented to the Emergency Department in Cairns 1/7 ago with similar symptoms but more severe.
Darren’s diagnosis is mild- severe Cholecystitis. Darren has been transferred to the surgical ward where he is awaiting an elective Laparoscopic +/- Open Cholecystectomy. Darren has had pre- operative blood pathology collected including his Cholesterol, which is reading high. This is part of Darren’s pre-operative work up.

Type Of Service: Academic Paper writing
Type Of assignment: Case study
Subject: Nursing
Pages/words: 2/450
Number of sources: 3
Academic Level: Freshman(College 1st year)
Paper Format: APA
Line Spacing: Double
Language style: AU English