What is referencing?
When you write your assignment, you are required to refer to the work of other authors to
strengthen your argument and provide evidence for the points you want to make. Each time
you do so, it is necessary to identify their work by making reference to them in your own
written work. This practice of acknowledging authors is known as ‘referencing’.
References must be provided whenever you use someone else’s views, theories, data or
organisation of material. You may need to reference a range of different sources of
information, for example from books, journal articles, videos, websites, images, computers
and any other print or electronic sources.
Acknowledging the work of others in your writing is good academic practice. Referencing
also shows the breadth of your research, allows the reader to consult your sources and
verify your data, and helps to avoid plagiarism and the penalties involved.
Steps involved in Harvard referencing
There are two forms of reference required in the Harvard method of referencing:
• In-text citation, i.e. where you refer to the work or ideas of another individual or
organisation and indicate this source at the relevant point in the body of your writing. An intext citation will require brief details, including the name of the author, year of publication
and potentially a page number. Fuller details should be provided in your reference list later
in your assignment.
• Full reference in reference list, i.e. the full publication details for sources used, arranged
alphabetically by author name or organisation name in a list provided towards the end of
Type of service: Academic paper writing
Type of Assignment: Essay
Subject: Political science
Pages/words: 18 /4950
Number of sources: 50
Academic level: Master’s
Paper format: Harvard
Line spacing: Double
Language style: UK English