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Having two ports and lots of resources, Hong Kong was a ground many colonizers wanted to utilize. The British government saw this and took over to utilize the untapped wealth which was done with the help and backing up of the British Army. This was after the Opium wars where China lost to British in 1842 and consequently saw Hong Kong become a British colony. The British stayed there but had to leave which they did in 1997. After their leaving, Hong Kong has had its ups and downs (Chan, 8-9).
It has matured economically, education system has improved, it has had good associations with other countries and their system of governance has also improved but not with a couple of challenges which we are going to discuss in the essay.
Hong Kong started as a coastal land mass located in southern China . Britain’s resource during the 1800s was its trade in China. The British discovered the Hong Kong Island and it became a clown protectorate of the British from 1842-1997. Britain used its advanced armed force to defeat the Chinese government’s resistance to this trade and forced them to consent to British management of Hong Kong. The British Wars of the
mid 1800s were a low point in human past. Britain used its military and navy to get rid of anyone who contrasted its sale of addictive opium to effortless Chinese peasants. Britain made vast wealth trafficking opium and executed millions of Chinese in this operation.
Hong Kong was set free from Britain in 1997. The trampled British Empire was not able to threaten an economically and militarily resurgent Hong Kong filled with hope for their country (Koh, 132-134).
I believe the British brought transformation to education, political view and the economy. After the British left in 1997, the economy malformed and the country was presided over by the Chinese who wanted to take control. They introduced enhanced education facilities, expansion of infrastructure and industries which gave employment to the locals. The political structure improved with low cases of corruption being tabled.
Trade was enhanced linking with other affluent nations like Canada, US and UK. The school scheme improved and most were awarded scholarships to travel for additional studies in the UK (Siu-kai, 13-16).
The financial system in Hong Kong botched because the British did not actively engage them to trade, manage and start their own companies. Most of the companies were possessed by the British. They used them as laborers and most did not have information of how to run the companies and the few who were skilled looked for employment in other states like China and Canada (Sing, 14-15).
Hong Kong’s social, monetary and political reasons have been determined by its physical location. It has fully fledged to be one of the most important global economic centers. It became a protectorate of the British in 1842 and it rapidly became a local centre for monetary and business services. The financial system was boosted by transport, banking and merchant corporations. In the 19 th Century, there was growth in the sugar, sanitization and cement businesses. In 1978-1997, the market growth was 28% and firms began migrate to the mainland to get cheap labor. The incorporation of Hong Kong the Pearl River Delta in Guangdong was anticipated to be 48 billion US dollar in 1997. The companies employed an estimate of 5 million people creating growth in the property sector (Koh, 137-138).
After its hand over to in July 1997, it was able to hold its trade and industry functions separate from China. However, Hong Kong was hit by the Asia monetary calamity that struck in mid 1997. This resulted in a cave in of share prices in the property market upsetting the ability of numerous borrowers to pay back loans Hong Kong retained its exchange rate with the US dollar as a substitute for devaluing. In 2002, the
Asian Financial Crisis pushed Hong Kong in depression with a 6% rise in unemployment and a decline in prices of supplies (Wacks, 90-92). It is holding on owing to the port activities and it is showing slow advancement in recuperation. The reinstatement of external and domestic manufacture has led to authoritative revival in particular the export business. It has reputable investment ties with the mainland and this gives it the ability
for the assets to flow in the mainland. This illustrates that it is on its way to a steady flow of recovery. If the British had continued their rule to date, it would be the center of all trading activities and the biggest exporter in the region. The British left and the mismanagement of hungry locals who wanted to enrich themselves led to the fall of their thriving economy (Miller, 18-19).
In education, English became the official language in 1942. The other official local languages were being used in learning and this was swiftly replaced to the Queens language. The British imposed primary and secondary tutoring in the 1980s. The foremost objective of the compulsory education was to keep children off the streets and not to be slaves for China, providing leaders for the future and offer white collar jobs.
The students are required to complete 3 years in kindergarten, 6 in primary, and five years in secondary education. They were obliged to take two national examinations before joining colleges or universities. The subjects introduced include social science, Christian religious education and history. They gave scholarships to brilliant undergraduates and started exchange programs with the UK giving them better opportunity for job markets (Chan, 10-12).
After they left, the ministry changed the format to three years in kindergarten, six in primary and three years in high school. They discouraged mixed high schools, and instill high levels of authority. The British education prepared the students to think innovatively and the subjects introduced were to aid them with skills required in the job market. This changed and students are only studying to pass examinations to allow them
to have great chances for better employment. The ministry is ‘‘trying to set up creative learning in secondary schools and change the learning culture from rote learning to a learning culture that focuses in inventiveness and critical thinking as established by the British’’ (Miller 17-19). The majority students are not being granted scholarships and are not faring well in the employment market because they lack sufficient skills since their
system of education is diverse from the rest of the world.
In the political system, the British initiated laws similar to theirs and Hong Kong was perceived as one of the prosperous envoy of the Far East. The then British prime minister Margaret Thatcher launched the signing of the One country two system notion and it elevated the emigration statistics with most traveling to the US, Canada, and UK with no communist control. They also supported Hong Kong to build a new constitution
which was to guard them from being oppressed by China. They launched Queen Elizabeth portraits in bank notes and postal stamps in public offices and honored all British anniversaries. All political correspondence had to be permitted by the British administration before being accepted into law and this encouraged efficiency in the judicial system with low levels of corruption being reported (Lee, 17-18).
After the hand over, they altered all the bank notes and no longer consider British holidays. The British synchronized the number of citizens going to the UK and withdrew many scholarships. The judicial system is termed to be one of the most crooked with the rich having their way. In 2003, the SARIS epidemic put it on the world map when the government failed to manage the spread of the disease due to lack of medical equipments
and had to rely on handouts from china. The Chief Executive position started being opposed politically, culturally and accused of poor executive skills (Lee, 19-21).
The British used strength to take over the region and controlled all the monetary ventures. Their main endeavor was to be in command of the ports and exports were to be taken to the UK. They exploited the locals as laborers and did not actively engage them in the running of the companies that they had set up (Koh, 139). The locals were blind folded with incentives and scholarships for their children and saw the British as good
people who wanted to develop their nation. When their rule was over, they cut off communication with Hong Kong and did not assist them in taking control of the companies. This made their economy to collapse rapidly and had no market for their goods (Wacks, 92-95).

The British rule brought more positive effects and increased good coexistence with other nations. Good infrastructure, latest technology, strong education systems and transparent judicial system were well established making it to be an economic hotspot in the region. Trade with other countries led to good relations and ensured peace and stability in Hong Kong. The locals were employed in the industries and were able to get assistance from financial institutions to get loans to buy houses raising independence to the locals.

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