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Homebased Learning
Crime Prevention Theory

In this task you will be asked to further consider Crime Prevention and the potential causes of crime. This again is another step up in the level of homebased learning you have encountered so far.

The purpose of this work is firstly to inform and educate you, secondly it will support and enhance some of your previous learning and finally it starts to develop areas of your skill or knowledge base that have relevance to your pathway into security management.

In this homework one will be looking at some of the theories associated with Crime Prevention and more importantly developing knowledge in something that is known as the ‘drivers of Crime and Dishonesty’. [Freud]

Sociologists state that all humans have natural drives and urges that are repressed in the unconscious and have inherent tendencies towards wrongdoing. In normal society these tendencies are curbed, beginning in childhood, however, in many people it goes wrong, and our ‘moral code’ is broken.

The reasons why people commit crimes are obviously many, varied and sometimes complex, this is why you are now going to look at some of the more common theories to get an understanding of why crime occurs and how ‘we’ can consider methodologies to prevent it.

Task One
Below one has been given six theories, divided into two groups, all associated with Crime Prevention. We are asking you to do a little research into each and then select one from each group.

Once you have identified the two theories [one and one] you are interested in, please do the following:

  1. Write a brief overview of what the two theories are [max. 250-500 words]
  2. Provide a minimum of one example for each of your theories. This can be from your experience; it can be hypothetical or an example from the press or media
  3. Finally, tell us your opinion? You will find that that these and many theories throughout criminology, psychology and sociology are challenged or have opposing points of view, so let us know why you believe your two choices have merit or are a ‘load of rubbish’! [max. 200-300 words]

The Theories
Group One

  1. The Routine Activity Theory [RAT] – Felson and Cohens theory of crime motivation.
  2. The Rational Choice Theory [RCT] – A theory stating that every choice that is made is completed by first considering the costs, risks, and benefits of making that decision.
  3. The Broken Windows Theory – The 1982 theory proposed by social scientists James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling.

Group Two

  1. The Nature or Nurture Argument – Proposed in the mid-1800’s by Francis Galton considering whether people have inherited traits, or their life experiences play a greater role in shaping their personality.
  2. The CRAVED Model – A model that considers what people steal and why? [Concealable, Removable, Available, Valuable, Enjoyable and Disposable].
  3. Situational Crime Prevention – Theory that focuses on the settings for criminal acts rather than on the characteristics of offenders.

Notes
 Communication, if you are not sure, ask
 Consider the construction, look and feel of your report
 In point 3 above ensure you construct a balance argument for or against the theory
 Don’t be scared, enjoy, learn and educate yourselves….

Type of service: Academic paper writing
Type of Assignment: Coursework
Subject: Criminal justice
Pages/words: 1/275
Number of sources: 0
Academic level: GCSE/ A Level
Paper format: MLA
Line spacing: Double
Language style: UK English