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Civil war is fighting between opposing groups of citizens of the same country. The American civil war happened between the north and the south in the period 1861 and 1865 which was also known as the War Between the States. This war was one of the earliest industrial wars
in history. Production of mass weapons and the employment of military personnel were witnessed as it was war between the south slave states and the north Free states/ Union.
Hostilities began when the slave states attacked a US military camp which happened in 1861. By the end of the war, over 620, 000 deaths were reported and dozens more were missing. The slave states won the war leading an end to slavery, racial discrimination, economic balance and free
movement of people among the states. In this discussion, we’ll look at the reasons that led to the civil war in America and the effects it had on the economy, slavery and the cultural differences between the North and South (Cole 12).
Slavery was one of the major factors that led to civil war. The widening gap of economic development between the slave states and the Free states triggered tension in the United States. The South was dealing in cotton production as its economic activity and consequently had a low
population. The north on the other hand was industrialized and had good infrastructure which subsequently contributed to their growing population. This therefore weakened the southern efforts to maintain balance in the government. The cotton plantations employed cheap labor
under poor working conditions (Carl 60). The Native Americans could not afford to go to the northern states to look for employment opportunities due to the high discrimination present there at the time. The northern states acquired raw materials from the South at cheaper prices which
made most of the southern plantations to employ more cheap labor. As a result, the slaves were over worked and oppressed making them to form labor movement groups to fight for their rights.
This move angered the Northern states which consequently led to the closure of three major hospitals that the South depended on. This move affected the plantations and led to the attack of the US military base at fort Sumter and led the South states declaring their secession from the
Free states (Carl 79).
Economic and social differences in the North and South also contributed to the civil war. In 1863, the invention of the cotton grin machine which separated the cotton from the seeds simplified work and became very profitable. This increased the number of plantations in the
south and the demand for more cheap labor increased as well. It made the southern economy to be a one crop economy dealing with agriculture. The Northern states were more industrious and were purchasing raw material from the south and turning them into finished products making
more profit than the South. This created more social differences between the two sides. The Northern economy was much higher and had good infrastructure and many industries developing (Cole 25-26). The Northern states did not want to employ cheap labor and they used machines to
create their end products. The Southern economy dropped drastically in 1864 when the North acquired tobacco machinery and began to plant their own. This consequently led to the closure of most tobacco plantations in the South making their economy to drop. Many slaves became unemployed and started going to the north to look for employment in the industries. The natives were not accepted to work in the industries and were ill treated by the Northern states making them to go to war. Before going to war, the northern states had developed rapidly with industries being introduced (Cole 37-39).
The fight for the slaves states rights also contributed to the civil war. The Free states tried to protect the rights of their states against the South. They created laws barring people from the slave states from entering to their countries. This made the South to fight for their rights. The
south wanted to fight for the end of slave trader and cheap labor, freedom of speech and to be allowed to form their own labor movements. They wanted the introduction of industries and infrastructure (Grant 52). The south states started forming movements which were led by Quincy
Slack and Jonathan Brighton. The Northern Government threatened to hold the railway funds and not to continue with the construction of roads. The south planned the first attack but they failed considering the North was much equipped with weapons. The South later attacked the
North at Port Sumter in California (Grant 55).
The war brought positive and negative impacts in America. It saw the end of slave trade era. The Native Americans were able to move freely in the southern and northern states. Racial discrimination ended and the slaves were able to work in the industries which were mainly for the whites (Griesis 89). Many people in the army had died and lots of job opportunities arose and they were selected from all states to join the US army. This made the social class to be on the same level in all states. The war affected the ecology in a negative way. Most of the workers in plantations had died in the war or were handicapped as a result of the war. Many looked for employment in the manufacturing industries. Low production of cotton and tobacco was recorded due to lack of cheap labour in the plantations. However, in the industries, they recorded good production and many industries expanded after the war. The government and the slave states were able to come to an agreement on the end of slave trade, freedom of speech and
agreement to form their own labor movements (Griesis 98-99).
The civil war amounted to the loss of many lives but the Americans were able to come to an agreement on major contentious issues that made them go to war. Although the economy was highly affected, they opted for international trade to stabilize their economy. Most of the agreements were met and this led to better relations between this two warring sides. It saw the end of slavery, cheap labor, and discrimination and consequently saw rise in freedom of speech and expression, introduction of better health services and a balanced economy between the north
and south states.

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